Gordon Walker what he thought about British Guiana. Gordon Walker replied that he knew Mr. Since the article had come out, he had been giving considerable thought as to what he had really said to the man who had written the article.
Search Why are elections getting more expensive in India? Rising costs generally have more to do with structural changes in the context of elections in India. Increase in the size of constituencies may play a big role in pushing up costs.
Jul 25, Yet what candidates actually spend their money on during these expensive campaigns remains unclear due to the paucity of credible data on real expenses.
While official candidate expense reports provide a sense of above-board expenses, my long-term study of party networks in Mumbai provides a rare perspective on the true costs of campaigns.
Over several years, repeated interviews with political workers across three constituencies allowed me to generate estimates of legal and accounted expenses, but also of illegal, illegitimate and unaccounted expenses, and to estimate the relative amounts spent by candidates on each type of expense.
If it is the latter, one can identify whether the alleged increase in the cost of elections really owes to more frequent bribing or to some other, deeper cause. The legal expenditure limit for an assembly election in Mumbai in was Rs 35 lakh. Major contenders I observed spent between Rs 1 crore and Rs 16 crore, with considerable variation across parties.
However, gifts are not always the only, even the primary, reason why electoral campaigns are expensive. Many other expenses, from basic logistical costs to the short-term wages that candidates pay to their workers and the crowds these workers recruit, sometimes place even more meaningful constraints on candidates.
Payments to campaign workers are an oft-overlooked major expenditure. This implies that serious candidates may be spending several times more than the overall spending limit on wages alone.
Power to the rich: India needs to talk about money in politics Often, the recipients of wages are not party workers but ordinary citizens although the boundary is admittedly porous between the two categories.
These payments cannot be simply equated with bribes, insofar as party workers trade wages for work rather than for votes. Further, they do not appear to mobilise likely supporters of their candidates, but simply those who are poor and readily available to carry flags or idly seat on plastic chairs.
These items would be neither illegal nor illegitimate if the total spending of the candidate had remained below the legal limit. Altogether, this suggests that costs are rising not only because voters receive gifts, but also because campaigns are getting bigger and more ambitious, sophisticated, professional, and competitive.
The perceived increase in the cost of campaigns does not have one cause but several; the current narrative assigning the rise in the cost of campaigns to the proliferation of bribes may be simplistic or simply erroneous.
Funding elections in India: Whose money has the most influence? Rising costs generally have more to do with structural changes in the context of democratic elections in India. Regardless of the ubiquity of gifts and handouts, a number of alternative factors explain why campaigns are getting more expensive.
[Diplomacy] Mock Interview Questions for IAS/IFS: Sushma Doctrine, Hillary Doctrine, Surgical Strikes, Airlifting NRIs, BREXIT & Legal Colonization. India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular, free and fair elections. These elections determine the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of parliament, the state and union territory legislative assemblies, and the. Whether he continues to hold the post de facto or has been replaced is something the BJP is hiding from both the public and the Election Commission. Finance minister Piyush Goyal was the last.
First, slow but steady increases in the size of constituencies may play a major role. Simply put, larger populations require candidates to spend more. Second, there may be generational changes that affect the cost of campaigns. More candidates automatically means more uncertain elections, and hence costlier contests for candidates who are forced to match the expenses of their competitors.
In that sense, costlier elections may not result from lower levels of morality in the political class or from a surge in bribe giving. They instead likely flow from rising levels of political competition, which may be doing harm as well as good.So the government’s active pursuit of nuclear-armed submarines undermines India’s stated international position and reflects a security assessment that is becoming increasingly irrelevant.
There is no doubt that limited number of elections will result in lesser government expenditure. talks about reduction in expenditure of government and not candidates and political parties which has more impact on electoral outcome. In the second half of this decade total capital expenditure by the large oil and gas groups is projected to fall by almost 50 per cent to $bn .
We are the sole reason for corruption in India. Till the moment we keep on blaming politicians, beurocrats, government employees,for the corruption and keep on excusing ourselves we will never get rid of it.
We say police is corrupt. But, I say w. The following article talks about the various measures which if adopted by Indian government can make India not only a developed country but a world super power. India has the potential of becoming a super power & it can become so if the following fifty.
UGC NET JRF SRF fellowship scholarship amount increased; also a copy of RTI reply from UGC.