United States[ edit ] With regard to missing children, statistical research which compares national media reports with FBI data shows that there is marked under-representation of African American children in media reports relative to non-African American children.
Hire Writer Differential treatment in common experiences of education, nutrition, and health, especially in childhood health care, hospitalization and even feeding is the principal cause of missing women. In India because of maternal mortality — more women died in child bearing age.
Some other reasons are female infanticide, one child policy in China, sex selective abortion, ect. Mortality differences can serve as an indicator of inequalities in genders. Missing women problem is clearly an aspect of gender inequality.
Higher female mortality rate can be considered as capability deprivation of women. It is also important to see the development problems as deprivations of women that relates to ill health, lack of education, and social exclusion which are the causes of missing women problem.
Poverty can be identified in terms of capability deprivation. The deprivation of girls can be easily seen by looking at capability deprivation in terms of greater mortality, morbidity, under nourishment, medical neglect and so on.
Then the important capabilities of longevity and education become crucial component in well-being. Sen has noted The concept of missing women the most basic functioning of well-being, is literally life itself.
Thus any reduced achievements for women in these capabilities is intrinsically cause problem for the development of a country. Gender bias in health, education, employment and access to resources appears to have a significant negative impact on economic growth. This leads to child mortality and hinders the expansion of education to the next generation.
This is an important issue to the extent that economic growth furthers the improvement in well-being. Based on Capability approach economic growth, promotes wellbeing, measured through indicators such as longevity, literacy, nutrition, healthcare, political participation, and so on.
Employment opportunities and pay differ greatly by gender in most developing regions and some developed ones as well, UNDP, In some countries, special efforts may be needed to address socially based inequality, such as under schooling of girls relative to boys, or the limited independence of women resulting from lack of access to productive means, or public services.
These all can set back economic development.
So, if there is more gender equality one would expect economic growth through enhanced well being. Gender equity could be also considered as a development goal, for example, elimination of all forms of discrimination against women which insist how missing women problem could affect development of a country indirectly.
Women play an important role in the labor force, both in the financial management of the household and in the labor market, they cultivate food for household consumption, raise and market livestock, generate addition income to the family, ect. They are severely affected by both monetary and nonmonetary poverty; for example, they have low levels of literacy, are paid lower wages, and have less access to land or equal employment.
Development economists see women as vital players in the development. Women have primary responsibilities for child rearing.
So, to break the poverty transmission from generation to generation women role in terms of the resources they bring to this task is important.
Mothers tend to spend higher fraction of their income for the benefit of the children. Women also transmit values to the next generation.
Also of some studies showed that expansion of basic education of girls earns very highest rates of return of any investment. Discrimination against women is very costly from the standpoint of achieving developing goals.
Thus, it is clear that a society should empower and invest on women to make an impact on development. In the long run the low status of women will cause slower rates of economic growth, because the educational attainment and financial status of the children id a reflection of the mothers than those of fathers.
So, if women are treated good and equally the benefits of current human capital investments more likely to be passed on to the growth process. So, the mistreatment and missing women problem affect the development of the countries where it is a problem.The concept of “missing women,” which was presented in an editorial I wrote in this journal 11 years ago, refers to the terrible deficit of women in substantial parts of Asia and north Africa, which arises from sex bias in relative care.1 The numbers are very large indeed.
For example, using as. Missing white woman syndrome is a phenomenon noted by social scientists and media commentators of the extensive media coverage, especially in television, of missing person cases involving young, white, upper-middle-class women or girls.
Dec 06, · The concept of “missing women,” which was presented in an editorial I wrote in this journal 11 years ago, refers to the terrible deficit of women in substantial parts of Asia and north Africa, which arises from sex bias in relative care.
1 The numbers are very large indeed. For example, using as. Impact of missing women on societies Where high numbers of women are missing, there is a potential for a demographic crisis as men are unable to find female partners.
This can result in social unrest, sexual violence and increased trafficking of girls and young women (OECD, ; UNFPA, ). Missing white woman syndrome is a phenomenon noted by social scientists and media commentators of the extensive media coverage, especially in television, of missing person cases involving young, white, upper-middle-class women or girls.
More Than Million Women Are Missing. Amartya Sen.
December 20, Issue. It is often said that women make up a majority of the world’s population. They do not.
This mistaken belief is based on generalizing from the contemporary situation in Europe and North America, where the ratio of women to men is typically around or , or.