The number of delinquency cases waived to adult criminal courts increased by 71 percent between and Szymanski,
Also, the most frequency in the group that lived separated from the family was for the thieves group. The perpetrators of the crime of theft have introduced poverty as a main reason.
Discussion and Conclusion Based on the results of this study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the age group years old. Report on factors that influence juvenile juveniles under study had families with members that is similar to the results of other studies conducted by Sadafi 6Hussaini 7and Pyrasteh 10 and may be indicative of the fact that most delinquent juveniles are living in crowded households.
In this study, most Juveniles did not have sufficient literacy due to their age. Therefore, this has been associated with their delinquency and in studies conducted by Sadafi 6Ansarinezhad 11 and Seif the same results were obtained.
Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency.
In this study, majority of juveniles did not live with their parents and this has been an important factor in the development of delinquency. While in the study of Sadafi 6 and Seif 8 most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations.
In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. In the study conducted by Hussaini 7similar results were obtained.
In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles.
The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed.
However, due to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be presented in this regard. Other studies had not investigated in this regard too. A significant relationship between literacy levels of juveniles with the type of the delinquency was obtained.
In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. It seems that act of theft by illiterate juveniles may be due to poor education and entering the labor market, and earning low income and financial need and committing evil-doing by juveniles with higher education level is due to greater participation in community and educational environments and facing with the opposite sex.
But between the occupation and the level of education of mothers with the type of delinquency of juveniles a significant relationship has been created. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more.
Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained.
Additionally, the juveniles who lived with family compared to those who did not live with family have committed mischief and mayhem and theft more because of the inconsistencies and the present deficiencies available in family or financial needs of these individuals outside the family.
In addition, the relationship between committing delinquency by juveniles in their views with the type of delinquency was significant. Similarly, Hosseini 7 and Shokoohijam 9 reported such significant correlation.
This issue can be justified according to their imitation from their parents. In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. Obviously, addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure. Over a period of addiction and getting more immersed in, it is impossible to escape from it.
The addicts because of financial need and the lack of control over their body and mind have no choice but to comply with the demands of their inner demon i. Conclusion Delinquency is a very complex social phenomenon.
In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale 1. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future-makers of the country and also the country.
References Najafi, Tavana, Ali, criminology, second edition. Cases waived to criminal court Statistical Center of Iran. Statistical Yearbook of Payam Noor University Press, Evaluation of psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison.
Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran University.Juvenile Justice: An Introduction, Ninth Edition, presents a comprehensive picture of juvenile offending, delinquency theories, and the ways juvenile justice actors and agencies react to regardbouddhiste.comead and Lab offer evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment and examine the prospects for rebalancing the model of juvenile court.
This paper outlines the factors (biological, psychological and social) that make juvenile offenders different from adult offenders and that necessitate unique responses to juvenile crime.
A number of etiological factors (risk factors) have been identified to help explain the developmental origin of sexual offending.
Factors receiving the most attention are abusive experiences and exposure to aggressive role models. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate.
(May ) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Report on Factors That Influence Juvenile Delinquency Essay Sample By admin In Essay Samples On September 6, What factors lending to the degree of juvenile delinquency in Fairview Park?
A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency.
Mazinani Nourollah 1, Mazinani Fatemeh 2, Jafari Farhad 3 *. 1 Economic law MA and Attorney at law- Tehran-Iran 2 Public law MA – Tehran- Iran 3 MPH. Specialist of Community Medicine, Department of Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.