Islamic attitudes towards science The various Quranic injunctions and Hadithwhich place values on education and emphasize the importance of acquiring knowledge, played a vital role in influencing the Muslims of this age in their search for knowledge and the development of the body of science. Greek contributions to Islamic worldIndian influence on Islamic scienceChristian influences in Islamand Chinese influences on Islamic pottery During this period, the Muslims showed a strong interest in assimilating the scientific knowledge of the civilizations that had been conquered. Many classic works of antiquity that might otherwise have been lost were translated from GreekPersianIndianChineseEgyptianand Phoenician civilizations into Arabic and Persian, and later in turn translated into Turkish, Hebrew, and Latin. For a long period of time the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians.
Henry was the third son of Sir Francis. When he died in7-year old Evelyn was sent to boarding school.
He was initially posted to a battery on the island of Corfu. While on Corfu, Baring became aware of his own lack of education, and began a campaign of self-education, learning Greek and fluent Italian. He also took a mistress and fathered a daughter out of wedlock, Louisa Sophia.
This position ended inwith the union of Corfu to Greece. Later inStorks was appointed the governor of Maltaagain employing Baring as an aide-de-camp. The next year Baring accompanied Storks to Jamaicawhere Storks headed the official inquiry into the Morant Bay rebellion.
He then worked for two years in the War Officehelping to implement post- Crimean War reforms. Finding a military career not to his liking, Baring went to India in as private secretary to his cousin Lord NorthbrookViceroy of India and quickly discovered that he had a knack for administration.
He received the C. Baring married Ethel Errington in and the following year resigned from the army. During his stay in India, Baring came to believe that local rule and autonomy were not the answer and that only the firm, direct guidance of a British colonial government could bring order and prosperity.
Later in Egypt, he became further convinced that native rulers were hopelessly corrupt and oppressive. Ismail PashaKhedive of Egypt, borrowed millions of pounds from European financiers for projects to build the Suez Canalhis personal use, and to cover persistent tax shortfalls.
But after the war, as American cotton entered European markets once again, the price of cotton fell dramatically. Ismail Pasha found himself unable to even pay off the interest on his debts. In desperation, Ismail turned to the European powers to help him out of his financial troubles.
Sir Evelyn Baring was appointed as the British Controller. Ismail was succeeded by his son Tawfiqwho cooperated with the European consuls. After the subsequent intervention by the British in Alexandria the Anglo-Egyptian WarBaring returned from India to Egypt as the British agent and consul-general, "with a mandate for minor reforms and a prompt withdrawal of British troops".
In addition, the report asserted the need for British supervision of reforms deemed necessary for the country. Furthermore, it stated the interests of the Suez Canal zone should always be maintained.
Baring believed that because of Egyptian administrative incompetence, a long occupation was essential to any sort of reform.
Moreover, he established a new guiding principle for Egypt known as the Granville Doctrine named for the Foreign SecretaryLord Granville. The doctrine enabled Baring and other British officials to dismiss Egyptian ministers who refused to accept British directives. Under Baring, British officials were positioned in key ministries and a new system, known as the Veiled Protectorate, was introduced.
Egyptian ministers were the outward form, yet British officials held the actual power. Baring thus remained the real ruler of Egypt untiland this arrangement worked well for the first ten years of British control because Tawfiq Pasha was a weak man more than happy to abdicate any governmental responsibility.
The Egyptian army, which Baring considered utterly untrustworthy due to its previous mutinies against the Khedive, was disbanded and a new army organized along British lines much like in India. With Egyptian finances stabilised byBaring also compelled the government in Cairo to abandon any pretension of reconquering the Sudan, which Egypt had lost control of following the Mahdist Rebellion.
Careful and often stingy handling of the budget, plus promotion of irrigation projects, brought considerable economic prosperity to Egypt.Qub thesis guidelines top ten essay writing service org The following regulations cover all students on research degree programmes.
Normally, any change of supervisor shall be by mutual agreement between the student and the University. Qub thesis guidelines for students to help in writing Morphological in linguistics, botany and biology). Different points, different problems, such as readily as and, perhaps, even nonnarratorial strategies of narrative representation.
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