How to write a continuo part in baroque

This scoring was intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the subject of the second part. It is a reference to the pastoral music tradition of shepherds playing shawm -like instruments at Christmas.

How to write a continuo part in baroque

Method for the Treble [Alto] Recorder There is another recorder method of considerably older vintage and very different origin that I have used extensively over the years but can recommend only with very clear reservations and admonitions.

This method was written about sixty years ago in Germany by Franz J. Giesbert, who also published many pioneer editions of early music for recorders including the famous Susato dances.

An Annotated List of Recommended Publications

The Giesbert method was originally published with German text and distributed in this country as such; some years later an English language version appeared, and that is the one that is generally available for sale in the United States.

The Giesbert method, very little known or used in this country, is fortunately still available and has some very commendable and useful strengths and a few major drawbacks as well. This book is called Method for the Treble Recorder in its English language edition and, as one might expect from the title, is intended solely for the alto recorder.

how to write a continuo part in baroque

This method progresses very rapidly and is intended for students who already have a good grasp of music fundamentals and can read music reasonably well. It is therefore also suited as a primary method only for adult students with previous musical experience. The unique feature of this method, however, is that it is a duet method: At the beginning, the student plays the simpler upper line and the teacher the more complex lower line; later on, the parts are of equal difficulty and interchangeable.

The brief exercises and most of the duet settings were written by the author some of the latter are original, howeverand they are of a consistently high musical level. Of course, the exercises and pieces can be played and enjoyed by the solitary recorder player as well but, as I used to point out to my college ear-training students when introducing duet materials, "what's fun for one is even more fun for two!

First, it is generally well to ignore the articulations. Although Giesbert does not lay on the slurs with as heavy a hand as in some of his other publications, they are still largely inappropriate when encountered.

Cadential trill signs in the many baroque pieces are entirely missing as indeed they usually are in the original sourcesso some tutorial guidance as to elementary performance practice is definitely necessary.

Adult Recorder Methods and Materials

A cheap trill here and there always livens things up. And now for the one big flaw in this method. This technique involves leaving the ring finger of the right hand down for as many notes as possible the two octave a's being the obvious exceptions in order to hold the instrument more securely.

This is somewhat analogous to holding the Eb key open with the pinkie for most notes on the modern flute. The difference, however, is that the modern flute is designed to be in tune with this key open; the recorder is not designed to be in tune with the G hole closed most of the time and will in fact be substantially out of tune on most middle register notes if this is done!

Needless to say, it is absolutely essential to ignore completely the fingering chart included with the Giesbert method and the fingerings as they are introduced in the text. Use a thumbrest if you must, but please don't try to use this eccentric, flawed fingering system.

Use the custom fingering chart which we supply with each instrument from our workshop; it has the fingerings which are correct for your instrument. In addition to some fifty-five pages of duets, this method also contains two appendices with highly valuable materials.

The first section consists of 77 Daily Exercises by Giesbert, most of which are sequential patterns in running eighth or sixteenth notes; they are extremely useful for developing technical facility in bread-and-butter passage work similar to that found in baroque solo literature and, with the guidance of a expert teacher, can also be used to learn the conventions of baroque phrasing and articulation.

The second section consists of fifteen original baroque solo compositions for unaccompanied recorder by a variety of mostly anonymous composers. The attribution of the last piece to J. Bach is highly dubious. These pieces are splendid polyphonic compositions similar in style to the Bach unaccompanied violin sonatas.

They are quite difficult both technically and musically, and are both excellent study materials for the advanced player wishing to learn the late baroque style and solo pieces of great musical value which are highly suitable for recital performance. They alone are worth the price of the entire method.

Treble [Alto] Recorder Technique This spiral-bound, very substantial method for alto recorder is a bit difficult to classify; it could just as readily be listed among the intermediate or advanced materials below.

It is an excellent, highly concentrated, soup-to-nuts course of study which moves along very quickly.The Little Orchestra is a London based orchestra that creates fun, relaxed and intimate nights out. Join us at one of our events to hear wonderful pieces played by .

The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium), BWV , is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas was written for the Christmas season of and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during and and a now lost church cantata, BWV a.

In-depth information about Finale Notepad for Windows, including system requirements. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium), BWV , is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas was written for the Christmas season of and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during and .

EISENACH: Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21st l, the son of Johann Ambrosius, court trumpeter for the Duke of Eisenach and director of the musicians of the town of Eisenach in Thuringia.

Johann Sebastian Bach: Biography covers his life from birth to death, all periods and positions especially his last Leipzig period.

Clarinet Music with Piano (Composers L-Z)