Mind you, the disorders and their descriptions that follow are not my own ideas; they have been created by the American Psychiatric Association, and they are the mainstay of all contemporary psychotherapy that functions on the concept of psychiatric diagnosis.
What is Dissociative Identity Disorder? Dissociative Identity Disorder is often, but not always, caused by early child abuse including neglect and the failure to respond to the child.
Instead the prolonged trauma causes the different "behavioral states" present from birth to become increasingly dissociated disconnected from each other; over time these develop into alternate identities.
It is believed that developing multiple identities protects the child by keeping trauma memories and emotions contained with specific identities, rather than overwhelming the child completely.
Most people with DID have a mix of dissociative and posttraumatic symptoms, as well as non-trauma related symptoms. Amnesia is not limited to traumatic or stressful events. Jessica explains what it is like to have a diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder, and to live with alter personalities.
Disruption of identity characterized by two or more distinct personality states, which may be described in some cultures as an experience of possession. These signs and symptoms may be observed by others or reported by the individual.
The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The disturbance is not a normal part of a broadly accepted cultural or religious practice. In children, the symptoms are not better explained by imaginary playmates or other fantasy play.
The symptoms are not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance e. Major Depressive Disorder often just called "depression". Depression is very common in people with DID, but both depressed mood and depressive thoughts fluctuate because they are present in some alters but not others.
|Child/Adolescent Treatment Guidelines||At least two of these personalities repeatedly assert themselves to control the affected person's behavior. Each personality state has a distinct name, past, identity, and self-image.|
Because of this Other specified depressive disorder may be diagnosed along with DID. Bipolar II does not involve full-blown mania.
Psychotic Disorders including Schizophrenia. Hearing voices which come from alter personalitiesand symptoms of partial flashbacks like feeling touched when nobody is there may be mistaken for psychotic hallucinations.
The passive influence of alters causes many psychotic-like symptoms, but without any loss of contact with reality.
BPD has both transient stress-related dissociative symptoms and identity disturbance within its diagnostic criteria. Psychological tests can be used to determine if Dissociative Identity Disorder is present, and whether a personality disorder is also present. Substance use disorders are common in people with DID.
These disorders are common in people with DID, particularly psychogenic non-epileptic seizures PNESwhich can cause amnesia during the seizure only. Dissociative symptoms are far greater in people with DID. This is very different to having doubts about symptoms, or wondering if you 'made it all up'.Dissociative identity disorder, formerly referred to as multiple personality disorder, is a condition wherein a person's identity is fragmented into two or more distinct personality states.
Inner Workings: Dissociative Identity Disorder and Childhood Trauma March 28, Suzanne In today’s #InnerWork/#EmbodiedHeart post, I want to detail the fragmentation that my childhood traumatic experiences caused in my inner world. Reports of childhood trauma in people with dissociative identity disorder (that have been substantiated) include burning, mutilation and exploitation.
Sexual abuse is also routinely reported, alongside emotional abuse and neglect. Dissociative identity disorder exists and is the result of childhood trauma October 4, pm EDT Dissociative identity disorder is a serious and valid mental illness.
Early childhood trauma causes Dissociative Identity Disorder to develop by preventing the child from forming a cohesive or unified sense of self, known as a core personality during their earliest years.
Instead the prolonged trauma causes the different "behavioral states" present from birth to become increasingly dissociated (disconnected) from each other; .
Dissociation is a common, naturally occurring defense against childhood trauma.
When faced with overwhelming abuse, children can dissociate from full awareness of a traumatic experience. Dissociation may become a defensive pattern that persists into adulthood .