Governmental activities are supported by financial institutions, law firms, and economic and governmental liaison consultants. Health care institutions in the region also account for a large share of service sector employment, especially MaineGeneral Medical Center, which employs 1, at its campuses in Augusta and nearby Waterville.
The federal government of the United States is set up by the Constitution. There are three branches. They are the executive branchthe legislative branchand the judicial branch. State governments and the federal government work in very similar ways.
Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The executive branch of a state government is led by a governorinstead of a president.
Executive branch[ change change source ] The executive branch is the part of the government that enforces the law. Members of the U. Electoral College elect a president who is the leader of the executive branch, as well as the leader of the armed forces. The president may veto a bill that the Congress has passed, so it does not become a law.
The President may also make "executive orders" to ensure that people follow the law. The president is in charge of many departments that control much of the day-to-day actions of government. For example, Department of Commerce makes rules about trade.
The president chooses the heads of these departments, and also nominates federal judges. However, the Senatepart of the legislative branch, must agree with all of the people the president chooses.
The president may serve two 4-year terms. The legislative branch is called the United States Congress. Congress is divided into two "houses". One house is the House of Representatives.
The Representatives are each elected by voters from a set area within a state. The number of Representatives a state has is based on how many people live there. Representatives serve two-year terms. The total number of representatives today is The leader of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House.
The other house is the Senate. In the Senate, each state is represented equally, by two senators. Because there are 50 states, there are senators. The President's treaties or appointments of officials need the Senate's approval.
Senators serve six-year terms. In practice, the vice president is usually absent from the Senate, and a senator serves as president pro temporeor temporary president, of the Senate. Representatives and senators propose laws, called " bills ", in their respective houses. A bill may be voted upon by the entire house right away or may first go to a small group, known as a committeewhich may recommend a bill for a vote by the whole house.
If one house votes to pass a bill, the bill then gets sent to the other house; if both houses vote for it, it is then sent to the president, who may sign the bill into law or veto it.
If the president vetoes the bill, it is sent back to Congress. If Congress votes again and passes the bill with at least a two-thirds majoritythe bill becomes law and cannot be vetoed by the president.
Under the American system of federalismCongress may not make laws that directly control the states; instead, Congress may use the promise of federal funds, or special circumstances such as national emergenciesto encourage the states to follow federal law. This system is both complex and unique.
Judicial branch[ change change source ] The judicial branch is the part of government that interprets what the law means. The Judicial Branch is made up of the Supreme Court and many lower courts. If the Supreme Court decides that a law is not allowed by the Constitutionthe law is said to be "struck down" and is no longer a valid law.
The Supreme Court is made up of nine judgescalled justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. One of these justices, called the chief justiceheads the court. A Supreme Court justice serves until he or she dies or resigns quits in the middle of his or her term.
When that happens, the president nominates someone new to replace the justice who left.Introduction to the History of Christianity in the United States Koester, Nancy Published by Augsburg Fortress Publishers Koester, Nancy.
Introduction to the History of Christianity in the United States. Augsburg Fortress Publishers, Project MUSE., regardbouddhiste.com “native born” Americans . The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching.
Reclaiming Native Truth A Project to Dispel America’s Myths and Misconceptions from the First Nations Development Institute Also see: Research Findings: Compilation of all Research Complete Text United States Commission on Civil Rights Position Statement on the Use of Native American Images and Nicknames as Sports Symbols.
Introd uction. Ever since humanity's ancestors left their native habitat in the tropical rainforests, they had to exploit new energy sources. Whether it was tools to scavenge predator kills, weapons that made humans into super-predators, fur from human prey worn as clothing, felling trees and using deforested land to grow crops and pasture animals, the game was always about securing or.
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT POLICIES TOWARD NATIVE AMERICANS, A GUIDE TO MATERIALS IN INTRODUCTION The history of the interaction of the United States Government and Native Americans is long and complex.
Its roots can be found in the attitudes and debates of the Europeans who explored and. Discovery, Exploration, Colonies, & Revolution. Updated July 3, JUMP TO.. TIMELINES & MAPS / PRIMARY DOCUMENTS. DISCOVERY & EXPLORATION. NATIVE AMERICANS & COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE.