A Rosary for Life: The Joyful Mysteries The following meditations on the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary are offered as a prayer for all life, from conception to natural death.
Name[ edit ] The term "Mithraism" is a modern convention. Writers of the Roman era referred to it by phrases such as "Mithraic mysteries", "mysteries of Mithras" or "mysteries of the Persians". Mithras name Bas-relief of the tauroctony of the Mithraic mysteries, MetzFrance.
There is archaeological evidence that in Latin worshippers wrote the nominative form of the god's name as "Mithras". Much about the cult of Mithras is only known from reliefs and sculptures.
There have been many attempts to interpret this material. Mithras-worship in the Roman Empire was characterized by images of the god slaughtering a bull.
Other images of Mithras are found in the Roman temples, for instance Mithras banqueting with Sol, and depictions of the birth of Mithras from a rock. But the image of bull-slaying tauroctony is always in the central niche. The practice of depicting the god slaying a bull seems to be specific to Roman Mithraism.
According to David Ulansey, this is "perhaps the most important example" of evident difference between Iranian and Roman traditions: Tauroctony In every mithraeum the centrepiece was a representation of Mithras killing a sacred bull, an act called the tauroctony. The centre-piece is Mithras clothed in Anatolian costume and wearing a Phrygian cap ; who is kneeling on the exhausted  bull, holding it by the nostrils  with his left hand, and stabbing it with his right.
As he does so, he looks over his shoulder towards the figure of Sol. A dog and a snake reach up towards the blood. A scorpion seizes the bull's genitals. A raven is flying around or is sitting on the bull.
Three ears of wheat are seen coming out from the bull's tail, sometimes from the wound. The bull was often white. The god is sitting on the bull in an unnatural way with his right leg constraining the bull's hoof and the left leg is bent and resting on the bull's back or flank.
Outside the cavern, top left, is Sol the sun, with his flaming crown, often driving a quadriga. A ray of light often reaches down to touch Mithras. At the top right is Lunawith her crescent moon, who may be depicted driving a biga.
On the back side was another, more elaborate feasting scene. This indicates that the bull killing scene was used in the first part of the celebration, then the relief was turned, and the second scene was used in the second part of the celebration. Robert Turcan has argued that since the caduceus is an attribute of Mercuryand in mythology Mercury is depicted as a psychopompthe eliciting of flames in this scene is referring to the dispatch of human souls and expressing the Mithraic doctrine on this matter.
He is shown as emerging from a rock, already in his youth, with a dagger in one hand and a torch in the other. He is nude, standing with his legs together, and is wearing a Phrygian cap.
Sometimes he is shown as coming out of the rock as a child, and in one instance he has a globe in one hand; sometimes a thunderbolt is seen. There are also depictions in which flames are shooting from the rock and also from Mithras' cap.
One statue had its base perforated so that it could serve as a fountain, and the base of another has the mask of the water god. Sometimes Mithras also has other weapons such as bows and arrows, and there are also animals such as dogs, serpents, dolphinseagles, other birds, lion, crocodiles, lobsters and snails around.
On some reliefs, there is a bearded figure identified as Oceanusthe water god, and on some there are the gods of the four winds. In these reliefs, the four elements could be invoked together.Aug 02, · Rivaling Donna Tartt's celebrated debut, A Secret History, in its fevered treatment of American university life, R.O.
Kwon's first novel The Incendiaries gives readers a juicy look . Albert Einstein — ‘There are only two ways to live your life.
One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.’. Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries, was a mystery religion centered on the god Mithras that was practiced in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to the 4th century CE.
The religion was inspired by Iranian worship of the god Mithra, though the Greek Mithras was linked to a new and distinctive imagery, and the level of continuity between Persian and Greco-Roman practice is debated.
The following meditations on the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary are offered as a prayer for all life, from conception to natural death. The First Joyful Mystery. The Brotherhood of Light lessons encourage us to study the Book of Nature Nature manifests through Diversity. Diversity is the key to regardbouddhiste.coming its many facets is the means by which we thrive.
First Glorious Mystery The Resurrection Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the third day after his passion and death, rose again in glory, victorious over death and never to die again.