A history of the clear channel radio station

History of Philadelphia radio station The promise did not last long. On March 5,the FCC supposedly under the influence of the Nixon administration issued a public notice that warned broadcasters against playing songs "tending to promote or glorify the use of illegal drugs. As disco and rap became popular, they too were added to the playlist.

A history of the clear channel radio station

Did you say Enron? It's a major player in American television and Spanish-language broadcasting. Clear Channel Communications of San Antonio may not be a household name yet, but in less than six years it has rocketed to a place alongside NBC and Gannett as one of the largest media companies in the United States.

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The mega-company has gained a reputation for its ugly hardball tactics. Clear Channel has played a leading role in destroying media diversity in the United States. And yes, it is the same media company that allegedly "blacklisted" certain songs following September 11, including Cat Stevens' Peace Train and John Lennon's Imagine.

Media Mobster Before passage of the Telecommunications Act, a company could not own more than 40 radio stations in the entire country.

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With the Act's sweeping relaxation of ownership limits, Clear Channel now owns approximately radio stations in cities and dominates the audience share in of major markets.

Accusations abound that Clear Channel illegally uses its dominance in radio to help secure control of the nation's live entertainment business.

A history of the clear channel radio station cities, including Denver and Cincinnati, have charged radio station managers with threatening to withdraw certain music from rotation if the artists do not perform at a Clear Channel venue.

This tactic, known as "negative synergy," has allegedly been used to pressure record companies into buying radio-advertising spots in cities where they want to book concert venues.

With this anti-competitive tactic of leveraging airplay against concert performances, Clear Channel has firmly solidified its hold in both areas.

As a result, Clear Channel now owns, operates, or exclusively books the vast majority of amphitheaters, arenas, and clubs in the country. It also controls the most powerful promoters, who last year sold 27 million concert tickets.

That is 23 million more than the closest competitor. While this may be good for Clear Channel owners and investors, a lot more is at stake here than the buying and selling of stocks. The company syndicates both Rush Limbaugh and Dr. Laura to hundreds of stations nationwide, shuts out independent artists who can't afford to go through high-priced middlemen, and is responsible for taking the practice of voice tracking to new heights or depths, depending on your perspective.

Voice tracking is the practice of creating brief, computer-assisted voice segments that attempt to fool the listener into thinking that a program is locally produced, when in fact the same content is being broadcast to upwards of 75 stations nationwide from a central site.

So you have one overworked 'radio personality' recording the phrases, "Hello Topeka! This consolidation is clearly counter to the Federal Communications Commission's FCC mandate to encourage media diversity.

A history of the clear channel radio station

Now, however, the long-standing concerns of media activists are being echoed by the mainstream press, the courts regulatory agencies, and even by members of Congress.

Mega-Monopoly Clear Channel is currently facing antitrust lawsuits from plaintiffs around the country, ranging from an Illinois concert goer concerned with soaring ticket prices to the nation's largest Latino-owned radio company.

Alleging monopolistic behavior, however, is not the same as convincing a judge to move towards a trial. But last summer a small Denver-area concert promoter, called Nobody in Particular Presents, sued the media behemoth for antitrust violations, claiming that it "has used its size and clout to coerce artists Plaintiff's lawyers will be able to compel music industry insiders to testify regarding the often-repeated, off-the-record allegations that Clear Channel's radio stations have illegally rewarded or punished artists based on their dealings with the company's concert division.

Irregular Regulators Despite a clear history of promoting consolidation, the Department of Justice and the FCC, the federal regulatory agencies charged with safeguarding the public interest in business and media respectively, are finally showing a spark of interest in holding Clear Channel accountable.

While the Justice Department is spearheading its own "top secret" investigation of Clear Channel, the FCC has been mostly dragging its heels, with three notable exceptions: After receiving numerous complaints from across the country, the FCC has announced it is investigating the claims by an advertiser in Chillicothe, Ohio, that Clear Channel is circumventing existing ownership limits by operating stations through shell companies in a practice known as "parking" or "warehousing" stations.

Clear Channel has sold off stations to alleged front companies, which allow Clear Channel to continue operating the properties while also providing an easy way to buy back the stations, should the FCC slacken ownership limits in the future.

In Charlottesville, Virginia, the FCC has preliminarily denied a station transfer to Clear Channel and has scheduled a formal hearing to examine the situation. Yes, because the FCC has not taken such an action since -- which, more than anything else, speaks to the FCC's lack of policy enforcement over the last thirty years and is one of the reasons why we have arrived at the current situation.

Congress Catches on to "Shady Practices" Fortunately, Farr is not alone in expressing concern over Clear Channel's shady business practices.

He is joined by a handful of other vocal members of Congress, including Senator Russ Feingold of Wisconsin, who has proposed a bill to deal with the issue.KVYN [Napa CA] Now: Mark says (1/10), "I retired from radio in and went into the high tech world, where I manage a video and audio production group for a large financial software company in Silicon Valley; life is good, but I still miss radio, though the radio that I was a part of no longer exists.".

A history of the clear channel radio station

Accusations abound that Clear Channel illegally uses its dominance in radio to help secure control of the nation’s live entertainment business. Several cities, including Denver and Cincinnati, have charged radio station managers with threatening to withdraw certain music from rotation if the artists do not perform at a Clear Channel venue.

With the Act's sweeping relaxation of ownership limits, Clear Channel now owns approximately radio stations in cities and dominates the audience share in of major markets.

Its closest competitors -- CBS and ABC, media giants in their own right -- own only one-fifth as many stations. In , to promote the formatting switch of a Clear Channel station in Akron, Ohio from "sports talk to progressive talk," Clear Channel launched "Radio Free Ohio" in a guerrilla marketing campaign.

The New York Times wrote, "To the average listener, Radio Free Ohio has all the earmarks of pirate radio. Mike Shannon's DALLAS-FORT WORTH FM STATION HISTORY (Some fringe and rimshot stations are shown depending upon signal strength and location).

Clear Channel Launches “AIR Chicago,” First Ever Hour Radio Station Dedicated to Aviation Information at Chicago O’Hare and Midway International Airports A CCO-based study finds digital out-of-home campaigns that ignore the unique features of digital represent a $ billion/year missed opportunity to the global advertising sector.

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