Check new design of our homepage! This day shook the world, as the waters of the Indian Ocean wrecked havoc on the Asian subcontinent. We are referring to the Indian Ocean Tsunami that occurred inwhich permanently changed the fate of millions on the planet. This article describes the horror that occurred on that day and tells you how and why it was caused.
How the disaster unfolded 10 years ago Updated December 24, Indonesia The Boxing Day tsunami in is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more thanpeople across 14 countries. It began at 7: Scientists say the earthquake was the third-biggest ever recorded, lasting up to 10 minutes and causing the Earth to vibrate up to one centimetre.
It also displaced an estimated 30 cubic kilometres of water, unleashing a massive tsunami across the Indian Ocean. Anatomy of a tsunami Reuters Within 15 minutes of the earthquake, waves began striking the coasts of northern Sumatra and the Nicobar islands. Waves of up to 30 metres were recorded as the tsunami swept through Aceh, the hardest hit region of Indonesia.
Around two hours after the earthquake struck, waves reached Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. An hour later they reached the Maldives, and- more than seven hours after the initial quake, the tsunami was observed in Mauritius and along the east coast of Africa.
Its effects were seen as far away as Antarctica and North America. Indonesia was the nation hardest hit by the tsunami, with at leastpeople killed when walls of water smashed into Nias island and Aceh province, which sits on the northern end of Sumatra. In Sri Lanka 35, people were killed, while 18, died in India and 8, died in Thailand.
Hundreds also died in Africa.
Thousands of foreign travellers were killed in the disaster, including 26 Australians, all but two of whom died in Thailand.
The government also pledged aid to other affected countries, while public and corporate donors contributed hundreds of millions of dollars to those affected. First posted December 24, The Boxing Day tsunami in is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more than , people across 14 countries.
It began at am local time on December 26, , when a. Before the Boxing Day Tsunami in the waterline suddenly retreated exposing hundreds of metres of beach and sea bed.
The several waves of the Tsunami came of intervals of . Boxing Day tsunami facts On the tenth anniversary of the disaster, Raziye Akkoc sifts through the numbers to explain the impact of the disaster and how the world responded.
The Boxing Day tsunami in is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more than , people (ABC, ). Figure 1. Deaths and damage caused by the Boxing Day Tsunami on December 26, The Boxing Day sea surge was triggered when an earthquake caused the sea floor to jolt vertically by about 10m (33ft), which displaced hundreds of cubic kilometres of water.
The resulting waves travelled at speeds of up to km/h (mph). In Lhoknga, a town in Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh Special Region, on the western side of the island of Sumatra, 13 km ( miles) southwest of Banda Aceh was flattened and destroyed by the Boxing Day tsunami, where its population dwindled from 7, to Tsunami .